Intergovernmental political cooperation and the coordination of the Convention simulated more comprehensive measures to combat air pollution, including technical and political ratification, including support for Eastern European countries. Representatives of the convention also looked at other international and regional agreements and organizations, such as the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the Minamata Convention on Mercury, the Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Program, regional maritime conventions such as HELCOM and OSPAR and the Coalition for Climate and Air Pollution around the level of the intersection of air pollution and other environmental challenges such as climate change and the loss of biodiversity. Both countries recognize that further cooperative efforts are needed to address the persistent health and environmental effects of acid rain and smog. The two countries continue to cooperate to assess progress under the agreement and to address all outstanding issues related to cross-border air pollution. This agreement aims to reduce cross-border air pollutant movements between Canada and the United States, particularly those that contribute to acid rain and smog, which are required to control its emissions contributing to cross-border air pollution, and to implement specific restrictions or reductions in air pollutants through programs and measures. U.S. cross-border air pollution affects air quality in Canada. Prevailing winds can carry air pollutants from the U.S. to Canada, and these pollutants contribute significantly to the formation of acid rain and smog in some parts of Canada. In 1991, Canada and the United States committed to reducing the effects of cross-border air pollution in the United States. Air quality contract. The agreement was initially negotiated to treat cross-border acid rain and was amended in 2000 to include ground-level ozone, a component of smog. The agreement aims to control and reduce cross-border air pollution between Canada and the United States and contains obligations to report potential new sources of cross-border pollution, consult on existing sources of cross-border pollution, and bi-annual progress reports.
The agreement, signed in 1979 by 32 European countries, the United States and Canada, was originally intended to combat acid rain. Over time, it has become a model of effective international environmental cooperation, bringing together scientists and policy makers to solve complex cross-border problems. To date, more than 51 countries have joined the Convention and a total of eight international protocols or agreements have been added to address a number of environmental and health problems caused by degeneration, agricultural modernization and fossil fuel consumption, including ground-level ozone, soot, persistent organic pollutants, heavy metals and particulate matter. These agreements are based on a scientific assessment that identifies measures to improve human health and ecosystems. This scientific innovation has strengthened the state`s ability to develop pollutant reductions at a lower cost and with greater flexibility. In addition, optimized plans have been made available to states as part of their negotiations and the opportunity to provide policy and private sector support for emission reduction strategies has been facilitated. A Common Framework for Cross-Border Cooperation in Air Pollution The Convention has made a significant contribution to the development of international environmental legislation and has created the essential framework for monitoring and reducing damage to human health and the environment caused by cross-border air pollution. This is a successful example of what can be achieved through intergovernmental cooperation.
The EU continues to work closely with the Aviation Convention to promote ratification and implementation of the protocol reviewed by a wide range of contracting parties