The conflict between Germany and the new allies was known as the first Moroccan crisis – a second occurred in the summer of 1911, when France and Germany sent troops to Morocco – and led to a hardening and consolidation of the Cordial Agreement, because Britain and France, in order to deal with German aggression, went from mere friendship to an informal military alliance and then moved on to talks and an agreement with Russia, an ally of France. In 1912, two powerful and hostile blocs formed in Europe, with France, Britain and Russia on the one hand, and an increasingly isolated Germany – with relatively lukewarm support from Austria-Hungary and Italy – on the other. Two years later, this unstable situation would withdraw from the First World War. One of the motivating factors of the agreement was undoubtedly France`s desire to protect itself from a possible aggression by its former rival, Germany, which had gradually strengthened in the years since its victory in the Franco-German War of 1870-71 and which now had the most powerful ground army in the world. Britain also sought to contain Germany, particularly in the face of a revised and ambitious German naval programme which, if successful, threatened to call into question Britain`s clear dominance at sea. With the Cordial Agreement, the two powers reduced the virtual isolation in which they had retreated – France involuntarily, Britain complacent – while they observed each other on African issues. Britain had no major ally of power except Japan (1902) and it would be pointless for war to break out in European waters; France had nothing but Russia, which was soon discredited in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904/05. The agreement was upsetting for Germany, whose policy has long insisted on relying on Franco-British antagonism. A German attempt to control the French in Morocco in 1905 (the Tangier incident or the First Moroccan Crisis) and thus to thwart the Agreement served only to strengthen them. Military talks were quickly initiated between the French and British staffs. Franco-British solidarity was confirmed at the Algeciras conference (1906) and reaffirmed during the Second Moroccan Crisis (1911).
 I cannot say that I am particularly optimistic that Iran will move closer to this Agreement in good faith. The German government, seeking this agreement, decided to test its borders by sending Emperor William II to Morocco in March 1905 to explain his support for the sultan, an obvious challenge for France`s influence in this country sanctioned by the Cordial Agreement.