In order to ensure effective internal coverage to meet the participant`s connectivity needs, each space/space/space inside a building must have a supplied and wired cell. In this case, the use of cells and the wiring of cells of two to four operators would not only result in considerable infrastructure costs for the mobile phone industry, but also complexities for building owners (for example. B, civil work and wire coordination). It may be better for operators to share the infrastructure in these locations during the deployment process and, therefore, to share the maintenance and operation of the shared infrastructure. Building owners can become a third-party supplier that provides and operates the network that will be leased to operators. In mobile markets, network-sharing agreements are both mandatory and widespread on a voluntary basis and can take different forms, from the sharing of mobile phone sites to the sharing of radio-access networks (RAN) and frequencies. The use of new 5G mobile phone technology necessities operators to share their infrastructure. In this context, it would make more sense for operators to share the infrastructure of the buildings or, at the very least, the transmission lines, in order to stop the load while ensuring adequate coverage. Network Economics attempts to analyze cases of passive infrastructure release and active sharing of infrastructure that are actually implemented commercially (or at least pre-market testing) and to learn from them for effective infrastructure sharing.
The reason for the coverage of these types alone is that, as explained in section 1.2, the biggest cost element of a network is the radio network (70% according to Gemalto) and that it is therefore possible to achieve the greatest number of savings (for innovations that specifically optimize backhaul costs, see here). In addition to the two forms of sharing, the differentiation of the competitiveness of infrastructure, which remains an important factor of customer satisfaction in most mobile markets. In addition, the two forms of sharing are less complicated to implement than other types of sharing. Our analysis shows that, from a social perspective, infrastructure sharing has the following potential benefits: sharing infrastructure is the sharing of the network`s electronic infrastructure, including the radio access network (including antennas/transceurs, a base station, networks and backhaul controllers) and the central network (servers and basic network functions). This form can also be categorized in MORAN (Multi-Operator Radio Access Network), where radio access networks are shared and dedicated frequencies are used by each sharing operator, MOCN (Multi-Operator Core Network), where radio access networks and access frequencies are shared, and basic network authorization, where central network and server functions are shared.