271.The text of the Fisheries Declaration is unchanged. It notes that the Uk will be an independent coastal state and states that the parties should cooperate bilaterally and internationally to ensure sustainable fishing and a healthy marine environment. In accordance with regulatory autonomy, the parties should cooperate in a non-discriminatory manner in the conservation, management and regulation of fisheries. The most important provision is paragraph 73, which calls for a new fisheries agreement within the framework of the entire economic partnership, including access to water and quotas. The parties will endeavour to conclude and ratify the agreement by July 1, 2020 so that it can be used to establish fishing opportunities for the first year following the transition period.268 331.The Secretary of State stated that these amendments were intended to make it clear that the proposed models and structures for dialogue, as set out in the original policy statement , are not binding on the UK. and that there was a space for flexibility, taking into account Parliament`s view: “The role that Parliament and both chambers play in the future negotiating mandate will also mark that.” 311 This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union, which defines the procedure for the withdrawal of an EU Member State, thus opening a two-year countdown to withdrawal. If, at the end of the transition period, the EU and the UK fail to reach an agreement on their future relations guaranteeing the absence of a border between Ireland and Northern Ireland, the “backstop of Northern Ireland” will come into force. In this case, Northern Ireland will be part of the UK customs territory, but it will be aligned with a limited set of EU rules, particularly with regard to goods. Trade in goods is affected. There will be regulatory controls on goods taking place at the UK`s entry into Northern Ireland and not through the land border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. In addition, the United Kingdom will apply tariffs to the United Kingdom on products from third countries as long as goods imported with Deminland are threatened with entering the EU internal market.
This applies equally to goods arriving from Great Britain to Northern Ireland or directly to Northern Ireland. However, the UK will apply EU tariffs to products that are at risk of entering the internal market. This is, of course, an extremely complex issue, because at the moment we do not fully understand how the question of the risk of entry into the internal market is defined or what measures the UK will take to enforce EU tariffs in this case and what could happen if the goods actually remained in Northern Ireland. Under the agreement, a joint EU-UK committee will further uncover these issues at a later stage. However, trade in services with the EU must be governed by WTO rules. Under WTO rules, the specific impact for businesses will vary depending on the sector in which they operate. There will be no change in some sectors, while in other (generally highly regulated) sectors there will be additional requirements and standards and even a ban on the provision of certain services between the EU and the UK. 319.Im area of cyber security, the parties foresee close cooperation between the UK and the EU`s IT Emergency Response Team (CERT-EU), as well as participation in the European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA) and “some activities” of the SRI Cooperation Group.